There are both non-pharmaceutical and pharmaceutical treatment options available for insomnia. The physician can discuss with you the best options.
You may need to try various therapies before you find the one that is most appropriate, safe, and effective for you.
As a first-line treatment for chronic insomnia, the American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Sleep hygiene training is also a recommended option.
Sometimes, disturbing behaviors are the root cause of insomnia. Sleep hygiene training and cognitive behavioral therapy will help modify these destructive behaviors. Certain lifestyle changes that you should follow include;
- Avoiding exercise near bedtime
- Avoiding caffeinated beverages, especially before going to bed
- Minimizing the time spent on watching TV, using social media, and going to bed when you do not specifically intend to sleep.
If a psychological or medical condition causes your insomnia, getting adequate treatment for it can help relieve sleep difficulties.
Medications are sometimes used to treat moderate to severe forms of insomnia. The antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) is an example of an over-the-counter (OTC) drug that can be used for sleep.
Medicines like this can have side effects, especially in the long term, so it’s important to talk to a doctor before getting started with any OTC drugs.
Your doctor may prescribe medications to treat insomnia. These may include:
- Zolpidem (Ambien)
- Eszopiclone (Lunesta)
Before using any drugs or supplements to cure your insomnia, talk to your doctor. There may be dangerous side effects or reactions to medicines. That being said, not every “sleeping pill” is appropriate for all.
Home remedies for insomnia
Many insomnia cases can be managed effectively by making small changes in lifestyle or by trying certain home remedies. Warm milk, valerian, and herbal tea are just a few examples of the home remedies aids that you can try. Others may include;